Giza includes a group of timeless archaeological buildings that tourists have come throughout the ages from the farthest corners of the earth to see the greatness of its creativity, in addition to cultural palaces that make tourism in Giza for any tourist with a unique charm, including:
1- Egyptian pyramids
The Egyptian pyramids are one of the seven Wonders of the World placed tourism in Egypt in general, or tourism in Giza in particular, at the top of the list for every visitor visiting Egypt for the first time. The Giza Pyramids, which date back to around the 25th century BC, are split into three major pyramids representing three monarchs of the ancient Pharaonic state: The Pyramid of Khufu is located 13 acres southwest of the Pyramid of Khafre, and it is surrounded by the smallest of them, the Pyramid of King Menkaure. In addition, there are three more tiny pyramids.
The Giza pyramids were built using limestone, Aswan granite, a polished white limestone that reflected sunlight like a mirror, but now it no longer exists. From the inside, the pyramids are split into three burial chambers, a sloping entryway known as the Great Gallery, and a room symbolizing a rocky base that leads to a room named the King’s Chamber, which means his burial. Another is known as the Queen’s Chamber, though it is not where she is buried.
The sophisticated mathematical and geographical calculations that the pharaohs’ architects and builders depended on when creating the Egyptian pyramids and knowledge about the pyramids, in general, are both a marvel and a riddle for modern researchers.
You can visit the ancient Egyptian pyramids and forget the most significant and oldest pharaonic sculptures from your visit while taking some souvenir photos while you are with them.
In stories, the Sphinx statue, the emblem of King Khufu, unites the might of the lion and the knowledge of man. In some stories, the god of the setting sun, the protector of royal graves, protected the Giza pyramids from the folly of robbers. The statue Sphinx is with the body of a lion and the head of a person made of colored limestone and gypsum.
Amazing night spectacles are known as a sound, and light shows are given in the Sphinx Square, which reveals facts about the pyramids and their construction and the history of ancient Egypt, providing tourism in Giza the pyramids region a distinct character.
3- Saqqara Step Pyramid
The pyramid of Saqqara is famous for the pyramid of Djoser or the step pyramid in the Saqqara region, 30 km south of Cairo, which dates back to the era of the ancient Pharaonic state. The area also includes a group of temples and monuments, in addition to 16 other pyramids, of which only a few have survived so far.
4- Dahshur pyramids
It is the first attempt of King Sneferu to build a complete pyramid. Still, after he reached the middle of the pyramid, he discovered that the construction angle had to be changed to complete the pyramid, so it was called the “Leaning Pyramid.” Its construction took about 14 years, during which Sneferu’s engineers learned how to build the pyramid. Thus, making the “Red Pyramid” pyramid.
It is classified as the first successful attempt to build the Egyptian pyramids by King Sneferu and the third-largest pyramids of Giza after Khufu and Khafre. The Red Pyramid, located in the Dahshur area, 40 km south of Cairo, appears in the form of a flat, uneven structure made of red limestone, which was the reason for its famous name. The pyramid of Dahshur is surrounded by a group of Pharaonic royal tombs belonging to the era of the Old and Middle Kingdoms.