One of the most historical ancient cities in Spain; It is one of the most famous and most important cities during the periods of Roman and Islamic rule of the country, which may appear like its tourist attractions. Once the city had about 80,000 palaces, 600 mosques, and countless Roman monuments, perhaps not much remains of all this, but this does not prevent that. The city is full of many historical monuments and full of treasures that have yet to be discovered.
Perhaps the most important discoveries are Dar al-Rawda and Madinat al-Zahra, the Jewish Quarter, the Roman temple and mausoleum, the Naoura, the Islamic Calahorra Castle, the walls of Cordoba, and the Arab baths.
The most important three landmarks in Cordoba
1- The Mosque of Córdoba
One of the most wonderful tourist areas in Spain that have witnessed the radical historical and cultural changes that the country has witnessed since its first inception. The famous place of the Mesquita is a complex of religions that witnessed the imprints of multiple religious sects that ruled Spain.
The Mezquita began as a Roman temple before turning into a Gothic church. A mosque after the Moroccan Muslims took control of Cordoba during the 8th century, and then returned as a cathedral after the fall of the cities of Andalusia and the control of Western Christians over the city during the 13th century.
The place is distinguished by its interior and exterior designs that tell the tourist everything that the Andalusian city witnessed and witnessed during its history, in addition to the inclusion of an original copy of the Holy Qur’an and the majesty of the arm of the Prophet Muhammad, peace and blessings be upon him.
2- Alcázar de los Reyes Cristianos
One of the most ancient monuments of Cordoba that you should not miss during your trip to Spain; The Cordoba Palace, dates back to the 8th century AD, where it was the seat of the rule of the Spanish kings and queens for more than a century and a half before it turned into the castle of Moroccan rule after the Islamic conquest of Cordoba, one of the most important cities of ancient Andalusia, then a prison, and finally ended up being a museum that includes the richest treasures and antiques.
In addition to the museum’s valuable contents, the backyard includes gardens, fountains, and corners designed in the Islamic style.
3- Roman bridge of Córdoba
The Roman bridge has a unique design and a long history on which different civilizations have inscribed their names. The Roman Bridge, or Puente Romano in Spanish, dates back to the first century when Spain was a Roman colony. The ancient bridge witnessed several restoration attempts throughout the ages, which lost about 16 to 17 of its huge gates, to retain the end of a Roman design with a distinctive Islamic flavor.
The most important thing that distinguishes the bridge and makes it one of the attractions of Cordoba is its location on the Guadalquivir River near the Mezquita, where you can enjoy a riverboat trip or the view of the sunset at the top of the bridge and see the famous San Rafael statue in the middle of it during a walking tour with taking the most wonderful photos.