Barcelona the second-largest city in Spain. It is one of the most historical tourist destinations in Spain and the capital of the Catalonia region. Thanks to its ancient Muslim civilized history and social, cultural heritage, along with a picturesque mountainous coastal nature that is not without pastures and fertile farms.
On the level of tourism, the most popular city among Spain’s tourist cities includes a group of palaces, buildings, archaeological and scientific museums, popular markets, historical cathedrals, and finally beaches, gardens, and family entertainment parks.
Geographically, Barcelona is located in the northeast of the Spanish Iberian Peninsula on the Mediterranean coast and between the estuaries of the Bézios and Llobregat rivers, 160 km from the Pyrenees.
The most important tourist places in Barcelona:
1- Basilica of the Sagrada Familia
According to the Arabic translation, the Sagrada Familia or Sagrada Familia is one of the most important tourist places in Barcelona because it is an architectural marvel that has been renewed through the ages.
The historic antique church dates back to the early eighties of the 19th century, thanks to popular donations, the experience and the artistic vision of the architects” “Francisco de Paula del Villa” and his successor” “Anthony Gaudi” The church is still in the process of being established and renovated in 2010.
- The Sagrada Familia is distinguished by the clear contrast in the architecture and the nature of the formation and colors of the stones used in construction between the old and modern parts of the church. Although the Sagrada Familia building is still under construction, the complex includes a rare museum worth visiting when traveling to Barcelona.
2- Barcelona Cathedral
One of Barcelona’s most important tourist attractions is a rich sacred history dating back to the 13th century and perhaps even earlier. The first church was built in the heart of this site, which witnessed the Roman Forum over centuries during the fourth century AD and dedicated to the spirit of St. Severus, who was killed during the reign of the Romans.
During the 11th century, the Church of Severus was replaced by a Romanesque church under renovation, before it was transformed by the end of the 13th century until the middle of the 15th century into the current cathedral dedicated to the spirit of Saint Santa Polalia and its decorations and distinctive Gothic facades were completed during the end of the 19th century until the beginning of the 20th century.
In addition to its magnificent Gothic style, Barcelona Cathedral is distinguished by its spacious garden that includes figurines of 13 water geese birds, symbolizing the number of years the saint lived, in addition to the wonderful view of the ocean that the tourist gets when ascending to the roof of the cathedral.
The most important historical places in Barcelona
1- Barri Gotic Quarter
One of the oldest and best tourist areas in Barcelona dating back to the era of the Roman civilization, which left its mark on the old quarter in the form of narrow, winding, labyrinthine streets and alleys, and ancient monuments that could not hide despite the architectural modernity boom that hit the neighborhood by the nineties to see an antique building Adjacent to it is the latest modernity in harmony and harmony.
The Gothic Quarter is also distinguished by its multiplicity of squares, such as the downtown square where Barcelona Cathedral is located, the Real Square where there are pubs, bars, and the hustle and bustle of nightlife (Piazza Sant Jaume, where the government buildings are located, and others.
In addition to the high-end shopping areas in Barcelona, led by Calle Portal deL’Angell, Calle Avinyo, which is teeming with dozens of shops and boutiques suitable for afternoon strolls.
2- Palau Güell
Guell Palace is one of the most famous landmarks that tourists flock to when organizing trips to Barcelona because of its unique and unprecedented architectural design among historical Barcelona tourist attractions.
The palace is famous for being an architectural masterpiece completed entirely by the famous Spanish architect Antoni Gaudi in the Catalan Art Nouveau style, embodying the movement of light and objects in space as if they were on the ground, using a mixture of high-quality building materials such as stones, wood, glass, and ceramics with wrought iron.
The palace is also distinguished by its external columns and domes, the good distribution and division of its interior spaces around the central hall, which rises to 3 floors, and the rooms and suites are wrapped around it. It makes the movement of cars to and from it easier.
3- Montjuïc Castle
One of the most beautiful places of tourism in Barcelona thanks to its location on the highest hill 173 meters above sea level, which makes it one of the best places in Barcelona to get an integrated panoramic view of the city, the port, and the Mediterranean coast through an enjoyable trip by cable car.
The castle dates back to 1640, when it was built to defend the city during the War of the Harvest Workers, then during the War of the Spanish Succession (1701 – 17014), which led to the destruction and reconstruction of the castle, and at the end of the 19th century until the mid-20th century the castle was used as a political prison, and finally, the castle was turned into a museum Military (1963 – 2009) before being owned by the city council.
The castle is famous for its four fortresses, the bridge leading to its facade and its main entrance, the watchtower and the display court with a balcony, both of which offer a view of the city, the sea wall overlooking the sea coast and the port, and other defensive buildings and facilities used in the management of the castle and the service of its settlers.
This is in addition to being home to many concerts and movie shows during the summer seasons.