1- Valley of the Queens
This Valley is located on the western mainland’s extreme south. It was created in the same architectural style as the Valley of the Kings and for the same purpose: to bury the royal families’ ladies, princes, princesses, and those close to them from the aristocratic class. Thus, it is close to the Valley of the Kings.
The most renowned tomb in the Valley of the Queens is Queen Nefertari, Ramses II’s adored wife, a lovely lady whose husband built her the most magnificent tomb. The tomb’s walls are adorned with exquisite sculptures and paintings depicting the queen receiving advice and instruction from the gods.
2- Colossi of Memnon
The two Memnon sculptures are among Luxor’s most renowned and significant monuments. They are situated on the route leading to the Valley of the Kings’ tombs. They are the ruins of an ancient temple erected to honor King “Amenhotep III,” one of the rulers of the 18th dynasty, which is regarded as one of the most powerful dynasties to have governed ancient Egypt.
The two Memnon sculptures are among Luxor’s most renowned tourist attractions, where visitors come to reflect on the magnificence of ancient Egyptian history. They are known as “the Colossus of Memnon” because one statue is around 21.90 m tall. During the Greek era, the name “Memnon” was given due to the cracking of one of the sculptures; the air was traveling through such fissures, creating a sound similar to a moan. It was supposed to be the groaning of the Trojan hero Memnon, who Achilles killed during the Trojan War.
3- Mortuary Temple of Amenhotep III
Amenhotep III’s mortuary temple is known as the “Temple of Millions of Years,” located in the Kom el-Hitan region of Luxor’s western mainland, or the “city of the dead.”
It was built on a large area of 385,000 square meters 2 by King
Amenhotep III, who is believed to have ruled Egypt for more than 37 years, but its low location greatly damaged it; it was flooded with water, as well as a severe earthquake in 27 BC; only the two statues of Memnon remain, and many excavations and excavations are taking place on it. To discover the riches of this massive funerary temple.
4- Luxor Museum
You cannot visit Luxor without seeing the Luxor Museum, which has over 376 unique items and the mummies of Pharaonic Egypt’s most significant rulers. The museum, located on the Corniche Road, is one of Egypt’s most significant tourist destinations for learning about pharaonic history.
The Luxor Museum has two floors: the first contains many important artifacts, most notably the granite head of Amenhotep III’s statue, the goddess Hathor’s head in the shape of a cow, the statue of the god Amun, and the Karnak painting, while the upper floor contains a hall with many important statues. A room for mummies, a room for cutting jewelry, kitchenware, furniture, and amulets, and a room for cutting amulets.